Central Asia as Iran’s saviour

Central Asia as Iran’s saviour

Trend commentator Arzu Naghiyev

Tehran's high echelon is trying to find new opportunities to enter the Asian markets as U.S. and European economic sanctions strengthen against Iran. The bans on the import of Iranian oil to such countries as China and India is gradually having more influence on the economy as a result of the Western sanctions in connection with Iran's nuclear programme.

Despite the Iranian projects in Central Asia and with trade relations being very small compared to the profit obtained from oil exported to the world leading countries, this propaganda is Tehran's attempt to save its economy, comprising of oil by 76 per cent at the expense of the region, where Washington has limited influence.

Major representatives from the local automotive industry İran Khodro announced in August this year that the company plans to increase the export of its products to Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. While holding a leading position in Tajikistan, the Iranian construction company act as the main contractor in the projects worth $39 million to build a tunnel that will connect the capital Dushanbe and northern Tajikistan and power plants.

Iran's main idea, a railway through Central Asia caused disputes between Iran and neighbouring Turkmenistan in 15 years after opening the first section.

Turkmenistan unexpectedly terminated the contract to the amount of $700 million in September, signed with the Iranian company Pars Energy to continue the construction of the railway along the Caspian Sea, crossing Kazakhstan. The cause remains unknown. Apparently, Turkmenistan has been forced to reconsider its trade ties with Iran because of the expansion of sanctions.

Moreover, bypassing Iran, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are interested in joining the railway project in the Azerbaijani coasts of the Caspian Sea which will extend to Kars in Turkey. This will mean a Central Asian countries' route to the sea.

Iran has no other choice but to trade with Central Asian countries due to Western sanctions. Of course, the sale of oil will not solve this problem, as the Central Asian countries do not need Iranian oil. Having a common language of communication, Tajikistan can be a major partner and Iran's foothold in Central Asia, through which it can gain access to the Chinese and Russian markets.

However one of the main impediments to Iran is the difference between the directions and trends of the Islamic religion.

Central Asia is mainly inhabited by Sunnis and the ruling circles of these countries fear that the Shiite minority will cause conflict. Therefore, Iran's future activity is impossible in Afghanistan's and Central Asia's vast territories due to the problems between Sunnis and Shiites. Tehran announced Iran as a Shiite country.

However, one of the factors greatly disturbing Iran is to strengthen relations between Washington and Central Asia after withdrawing NATO troops from Afghanistan, scheduled for late 2014.

It is known that the growing attention being paid to the region increases the interest in Central Asian countries. That's why they prefer taking more independent decisions, rather than consider the possibility of getting the access to the sea only through Iran and Russia.

Issue of restoring operation of Central Asian Unified Energy System under consideration
Issue of restoring operation of Central Asian Unified Energy System under consideration
Kyrgyzstan reports 81 new COVID-19 cases
Kyrgyzstan reports 81 new COVID-19 cases
Israel ready to deepen bilateral relations with Kyrgyzstan
Israel ready to deepen bilateral relations with Kyrgyzstan
Loading Bars
Import of Turkish clothes by Iran plunges
Speaker of Azerbaijani Parliament, Russian FM discuss settlement of Karabakh conflict (PHOTO)
Iran’s Bahar Azadi gold coin price continues to rise
Azerbaijan confirms 173 more COVID-19 recoveries
Oil accounts for major part of exports from Azerbaijan to Croatia, says ministry
Volume of gas consumption in Iran revealed
Austrian OMV oil company to start gas exploration in Georgia
EAEU countries increase export of dairy products to Turkmenistan
Kazakhstan’s Oil Construction Company to buy pipes via tender
All activities for Ionian Adriatic Pipeline postponed: Croatian Ministry
Turkey's clothes export to Uzbekistan slumps
Russia eyes to build nuclear power plant in Uzbekistan
Vladimir Putin: Increase of excess income tax rates is justified step
Extraction plan for Iran's South Pars gas field determined
Azerbaijan, ADB discuss prospects for expanding cooperation (PHOTO)
Iran to begin studies related to Sanandaj-Bashmakh route
Kazakhstan Railways opens tender to buy electric generators
Review of dairy products exported by Georgia to Azerbaijan
Israel's Mobileye, Dubai's Habtoor partner on self-driving cars
Georgia exports first batch of honey to Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan developing vaccination strategy against coronavirus
Auction on placement of Azerbaijani Central Bank's short-term notes held
ADB talks opportunities for financing of projects in Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan's crude oil exports to Netherlands surge in 1H2020
Turkmen company plans to cover domestic demand for viscose thread
Volume of lending in Azerbaijan’s Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic increases
Volume of maritime cargo transshipment from S.Korea via Turkey detailed
Ukrainian International Airlines FlyUIA announces flights to Georgia
Kazakhstan's passenger cars export value to Azerbaijan revealed
Turkmen company for polypropylene production thread revealed export volumes
Turkish BOTAS discloses volume of oil shipment from Ceyhan terminal
Iran declares volume of areas put into operation in agricultural parks
Revenues of Azerbaijani Nakhchivan's mobile communication operators up
Speaker of Azerbaijani Parliament: Armenian PM's statements undermine international efforts for peaceful settlement of Karabakh conflict
Georgia's import of tubes, pipes, hollow profiles from Turkey up
Turkmenistan’s Turkmennebit exceeds volume of oil production
Non-cash payments getting increasingly popular in Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan’s QAZAQ AIR resuming flights on more domestic routes
Foreign trade turnover of Azerbaijan's Nakhchivan grows
Iran imports flu vaccine as possible medicine against COVID-19
Paris Eiffel tower evacuated
World GDP spent on energy to be halved by 2050
RAEX: Structural reforms in public sector of Uzbekistan’s economy to support the economic development
AZAL launches special flights to Ankara and Antalya
Turkey remains main importer of flours, meals, pellets from Georgia
Ways for decarbonizing operations of oil & gas companies
China's import of ready-made clothing from Turkey spikes
Geostat reveals volume of ferroalloys exported by Georgia to Turkey
Construction of Ashgabat-Turkmenabat highway continues
Asian Development Bank expanding support program in Azerbaijan
Oil & gas industry to become world’s carbon waste disposal agent
Number of people infected with coronavirus (COVID-19) in Iran exceeds 430,000
Georgians traveling to Estonia to be obliged to go through 14-day self-isolation
Value of exports from Iran’s Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province climbs
GDP data of Azerbaijan's Nakhchivan revealed
Georgia reveals volume of fish exported to Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan's State Service on Property Issues to put up several enterprises for auction
Iran reveals details of exports from Yazd Province
Georgia reduces import of medicaments from Turkey
Iran threatens to exit from NPT and JCPOA
Precious metal prices in Azerbaijan down
Iran's Shazand Oil Refining Company opens tender to buy equipment
Mayor of Israeli city: Azerbaijan no doubt very tolerant country
Russia increases volume of cement imports from Turkey
Iran discloses amount of currency returned to country economy
Bulgarian MEP: Azerbaijani oil, gas pipelines strongly contribute to pan-European energy security
SOCAR Energoresource, Tyumen Oblast ink agreement on socio-economic cooperation
Azerbaijani president, first lady view landscaping work carried out in Balakhani settlement (PHOTO)
Inflation rate grows in Iran
Inflow of labor migrants from Turkey to Turkmenistan decreases
Azerbaijan holds auction on state-owned enterprises
Daily new coronavirus cases reach record in Israel
Several UAVs and military helicopters handed over to Iranian Armed Forces
Bulgarian MEP: Lasting settlement of Karabakh conflict lies in meaningful negotiations
Neste and Shell to increase supply of sustainable aviation fuel
Uzbek-Korean Gas Chemical LLC to build hydrogen and nitrogen storage station
Turkmenistan increases import of Turkish-made electrical goods
Turkmenhimiya opens tender for turnkey construction of production complex
Several more Russian enterprises get right to export fish products to Azerbaijan
Uzbekistan to develop engineering and communication networks in Fergana region
Construction Cost Index increases in Georgia
Azerbaijan's ADIF reveals amount of сompensations made to depositors of closed banks
Russia records over 6,400 new coronavirus cases
Platform installed in field of Iranian Offshore Oil Company
Italy eyes to create saffron plantations in Uzbekistan
EBRD allocates loan to Georgian Oil and Gas Corporation
Turkmenistan to create international legal instrument of energy transit
Azerbaijani oil prices rebound
S. Korean commercial vehicle plant to be constructed in Uzbek region
Speaker of Azerbaijan's Parliament meets with Russian FM (PHOTO/VIDEO)
Ismail Seralgeldin: UN should activate all possible diplomatic channels to search for just settlement of Karabakh conflict
Iran improves trade balance of agricultural goods
Georgia reports 227 new COVID-19 cases
Chairperson of Azerbaijani Parliament: We hope Russia make its best to resolve Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
Coca Cola Bottlers Georgia sets to produce new brand of mineral and fresh water
Azerbaijani entrepreneurs developing economic ties with business entities in Europe, Asia
Oil falls after surprise increase in U.S. crude inventories
Former ambassador: Azerbaijan performs Non-Aligned Movement's struggle against occupation
Shell’s and Total’s portfolios could be of interest to BP: studies
Digital growth: working towards gender equality in IT in Azerbaijan (PHOTO)
All news