Business software maker BEA Systems Inc rejected a $6.7 billion takeover bid from Oracle Corp on Friday, throwing the company into play by saying the unsolicited offer was too low.
Shares rose 38 per cent, above a five-year high, and activist investor Carl Icahn, BEA's biggest shareholder and a vocal critic of management, said he was pleased by Oracle's offer but called for higher bids.
Shares of BEA, which makes software that helps other programs interact, rose to $18.82, nearly $2 above Oracle's $17 offer that was made on October 9 but not disclosed until Friday.
"BEA is worth substantially more," the company's board said in a letter to Oracle.
Oracle said it remained "committed" to its proposed $17 per share offer and was ready to proceed with a "friendly" transaction.
But in a sign of acrimony between the two sides, BEA took issue with a letter to BEA from Oracle President Charles Phillips, which was made public.
In the letter, Phillips said BEA had cancelled a Friday meeting that was intended to result in a deal by tomorrow and declined attempts to reschedule.
"Let me clarify your misunderstanding," William Klein, BEA's vice president of business planning and development, said in a response to Phillips.
He said that, contrary to Phillips's assertion, BEA did not agree to meet with Oracle to start a process that might result in a definitive agreement by tomorrow.
Icahn, who said in mid-August he had a stake in BEA, said he expected higher offers to emerge from rivals of Oracle, naming International Business Machines Corp and Hewlett-Packard Co.
In a letter to BEA CEO Alfred Chuang on Friday Icahn suggested an auction as one way to proceed.
IBM spokesman Ian Colley said the company does not comment on rumours or speculation. Officials with Hewlett-Packard could not be reached for comment.
The industry has been consolidating over the past few years with Oracle, IBM and Hewlett-Packard among the most aggressive buyers.
Icahn has said BEA should be put up for sale because being part of a bigger software maker would allow it to squeeze significant costs out of BEA's operations.
Katherine Egbert, an analyst with Jefferies & Co, said BEA was probably worth about $18 per share at the most and that its operating margins could double if Oracle bought it.
"They could probably fire everybody except the engineers," she said. She estimates that the company's current operating profit margin is about 22 per cent to 23 per cent.
BEA has not reported its operating profit margin since July 2006. The company has only released limited financial data since then as it reviews historical results for what it said were errors in its accounting of stock options grants. That led potential buyers to underestimate its value, it said.
BEA sells software called "middleware" that helps computer systems communicate with each other.
Some investors have bet Icahn would fail to engineer a sale.
About 21.6 million BEA shares, or 5.5 per cent of the company's outstanding shares, were sold short as of the end of September, nearly a 65 per cent increase from the middle of the month. People sell a stock short betting that the share price will fall. ( Reuters )