Baku, Azerbaijan, Sept.29
By Dalga Khatinoglu, Trend:
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani who is participating in the 4th summit of the Caspian Sea littoral states, said that the vulnerable environment of the Caspian Sea needs more attention.
He also added that the littoral states should do their best to prevent extremism, terrorism, drug trafficking and organized criminals in the Caspian Sea region.
"It's needed to make the Caspian Sea more secure to be preserved for the next generations", he said.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani added that the Caspian Sea should become a symbol of progress, cooperation and friendship and a big part of the sea should remain "common" for guarantying the free shipping and common activities.
"Joint investments, common cooperation and collective actions are needed," he said.
Iranian president said that peace and security in the Caspian Sea can be guaranteed by avoiding arms race and taking unilateral measures, as well as limiting shipping right for only five littoral countries and making collective decisions.
"The Caspian Sea's comprehensive legal status should be codified based on the international law and fair delimitation of the Caspian states' rights and should meet the needs of the littoral countries and public opinion", Rouhani added.
Achieving peace, stability and comprehensive development in the region would be achieved by paying attention to long-term interests and making collective decisions, he noted.
Moreover, during a press conference held after the summit, Rouhani said that cooperation among the littoral countries on transportation, energy, tourism and aquaculture is of great importance and the countries can boost their ties through cooperation on the mentioned fields.
The 4th Caspian Summit kicked off in Astrakhan, Russia on Sept. 29.
The summit brought together the heads of all Caspian littoral states - Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev, and Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov.
The 'Caspian Five' (Azerbaijan, Russia, Iran, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan) are meeting to discuss the Caspian Sea's legal status and the military component of the security in the region.