Verification of Iran's nuclear program may take 5 years

Baku, Azerbaijan, July 28

By Dalga Khatinoglu - Trend:

Former Deputy Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency believes the achieved nuclear deal between Iran and P5+1 has strengths and weaknesses.

Two weeks after achieving a comprehensive nuclear deal, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) has been snagged for approval by lawmakers of both American Republicans as well as Iran's hardliners.

The U.S. Republicans argues that the achieved JCPOA is not enough to insure Iran's nuclear program would remain peaceful, while Iranian hardliners says the agreement has damaged Iran's rights.

Olli Heinonen, the former Deputy Director-General for Safeguards at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) told Trend July 28 that JCPOA has its strengths and its weaknesses. "From the technical point of view, we see that Iran has not changed its nuclear course. Iran will develop further its uranium enrichment capabilities without real technical or economical needs; there is a well functioning world market for enriched uranium and nuclear fuel with adequate production capacities for next couple of decades to come".

He said, "I also note that Iran has not embarked on a course of real nuclear transparency. The agreement includes a provisional implementation of the Additional Protocol until the IAEA reaches the conclusion that Iran's nuclear program is entirely peaceful. This is an unprecedented requirement, which none of the other 124 countries, who have currently Additional Protocols in force, have asked for. Only after such positive conclusion Iran will seek the ratification of the protocol. Nevertheless, Iran has now got yet another chance to restore its non- proliferation credentials."

Heinonen who currently serves as a senior fellow at Harvard University's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs believes that verification of Iran's nuclear program could take more than 5 years.

Responding to a question about the needed time for the IAEA to verify Iran's nuclear program, Heinonen said, "This depends on two basic factors. Iran's full cooperation is certainly indispensable, but it also depends on the approach the IAEA takes to investigate past nuclear activities of Iran and on the financial and human resources the Agency will get to do the job. I do not expect that this task will be completed in less than five years when noting the rigorous standards applied by the IAEA."

Iran also agreed to approve the Additional protocol based on the JCPOA. The Additional Protocol allows unannounced inspections outside of declared nuclear sites and it is seen as a vital tool at the IAEA's disposal to make sure that a country does not have any hidden nuclear work.

Addressing the possibility of insuring the lack of any undeclared nuclear facility or developing nuclear weapon secretly by implementation of Additional Protocol, Heinonen believes that "no verification regime or intelligence gathering and analysis system can provide timely and full assurances about absence of undeclared nuclear material activities in a large country with a remarkable nuclear know- how and infrastructure. The Additional Protocol provides the IAEA with additional tools, but it is not designed to explore fully past nuclear activities".

Based on nuclear agreement, P5+1 countries and international participants will engage in joint projects with Iran, including through IAEA technical cooperation projects, in the field of peaceful nuclear technology, including nuclear power plants, research reactors, fuel fabrication, agreed joint advanced R&D such as fusion, establishment of a state-of-the-art regional nuclear medical centre, personnel training, nuclear safety and security, and environmental protection.

On the nuclear safety issue Heinonen said that the P5+1 agreed to assist Iran in getting access to safe and modern nuclear technology. "According to the JCPOA Iran will get also support in hardening its nuclear program against sabotage and cyber attacks, which is understandable, at least, from the point of view of its neighbors. However, I do not think that the international community will hail that fact that Iran does not adhere, inter alia, to the IAEA nuclear safety convention. Iran is the only country in world operating a full size nuclear power plant without being party to such an agreement, which includes international peer reviews to demonstrate the compliance of the party with modern nuclear safety standards. I feel that this part of the agreement does not meet policies of all European countries".

Edited by CN

Tajikistan to evacuate its residents from Kazakhstan amid COVID-19 pandemic
Tajikistan to evacuate its residents from Kazakhstan amid COVID-19 pandemic
USAID program to enhance Turkmenistan's energy co-op with rest of Central Asia
USAID program to enhance Turkmenistan's energy co-op with rest of Central Asia
C5+1 debate ways and prospects for widening trade and economic ties
C5+1 debate ways and prospects for widening trade and economic ties
Loading Bars
Latest
IMF head urges pandemic response that tackles climate crisis
Huawei: U.S. sanctions have no immediate impact on UK 5G supplies
Azerbaijan’s Azerenergy implementing reactive power compensation project
Gazelle Fund LP continues to invest in Georgian SMEs with high growth potential
Spanish Ibertest intereted in expanding co-op with Turkmenistan
Baku textile factory increases production volumes of women's clothing
Official talks COVID-19 possibly affecting Kazakhstan's Tengiz field operations
Israel central bank's Abir says buying corporate bonds to prevent layoffs
Prevent infection by means of “e-Tabib”!
Volume of five-month cargo transshipment via Turkey's Cesme port disclosed
Iran's Shazand Oil Refining Company opens tender to buy various equipment
Iran announces number of enterprises launched in West Azerbaijan Province
Azerbaijan getting closer to achieving goals of Fourth Industrial Revolution
Turkmenistan’s oil output to rise in 2020, says EIA
Georgian citizens returning from EU to undergo mandatory quarantine
Enrollees choosing UNEC will be able to get two diplomas in 4 years
Day record takes Romania's coronavirus cases over 30,000
Turkey announces volume of cargo transshipment from Georgia via its ports
Turkmenistan supports OSCE recommendations on national minorities affairs
Iran discloses value of exports via Arvand Free Trade Zone
Georgia eyes producing Kombucha natural drink
Iran's COVID-19 deathtoll surpasses 12,000
Kazakhstan to apply innovative technology in Karaganda's coal industry
Teams participating in EuroCups allowed to train in Azerbaijani districts upon certain rules
Uzbekistan renews WTO accession negotiations after long-year suspension
Kazakhstan working to resume flights on more int'l routes
Iran reveals info on manufactured equipment spare parts for oil, gas sector
German exports to fall by 15% in 2020
Tesla China sold 14,954 Model 3 vehicles in June, up 35% on the month
Georgia to open its borders to 5 countries
Georgians allowed to enter Montenegro without restrictions
Kazakh coal extracting venture to buy spare parts for equipment via tender
Kazakhstan's export to Israel down twofold
Iran's decision to ban mobile phone imports affects local market
Nokia shares fall on concerns over potential loss of Verizon business
Capacity of Chabahar Port in Iran increases
Thailand expects to delay plans for 'travel bubble' on virus worries
Azerbaijani president makes phone call to UN secretary-general
Prices on Azerbaijani oil increase
Price of gold grows in Azerbaijan on July 8
UAE significantly raises import of Kazakh-made goods
Amount of funds trading at NIMA exchange rate in Iran announced
Amazon India's unit gets $308 million in fresh funds from parent
Iran discloses volume of investments in ports of Mazandaran Province
Azerbaijani currency rates for July 8
Uzbek public procurement winners to be obliged to name their owners, beneficiaries
EIA: Kazakhstan's actual oil output volume exceeds forecast
Iran reveals number of metal products’ manufacturing volume
Global oil demand to exceed supply in second half of 2020
Georgia detects 5 new cases of COVID-19
Kazakh coal extracting venture to buy pipes via tender
OPEC’s output may drop to lowest level since November 1991
French economy seen rebounding 19% in third quarter, 3% in fourth quarter
Armenia violates ceasefire with Azerbaijan 78 times
ADY Container: Azerbaijan sees growth in rail freight transportation
Oil edges lower as U.S. inventory build stokes supply fears
EIA lowers forecasts for Azerbaijan’s oil output
Death toll from NLC India boiler blast rises to 13
Iranian currency rates for July 8
Volume of Baku's trade turnover drops
Azerbaijan talks perspectives of renewable energy projects in private sector
Japan minister again says no need for new emergency for coronavirus
UNESCO ready to develop tourism cooperation with Iran
52 migrants allowed to disembark in Malta
EIB’s involvement in Azerbaijan focused on social and economic infrastructure
Georgia sees decrease in unemployment rate in 1Q2020
Number of COVID-19 recoveries rises in Kazakhstan
Turkey's export of steel to China spikes
Colombia coronavirus lockdown extended until Aug. 1
PMs of Italy, Portugal call for "ambition to attack the crisis"
EU predicts "deeper recession" in 2020 than expected
Zimbabwean president fires health minister over corruption scandal
600 new COVID-19 infections recorded in Qatar
Possibility of airborne transmission of COVID-19 cannot be ruled out: WHO expert
Global COVID-19 deaths surpass 540,000: Johns Hopkins University
Fed policymakers see economy plateauing, risks ahead
WHO acknowledges 'evidence emerging' of airborne spread of COVID-19
U.S. withdrawal from WHO to take effect July 2021
Tehran, China vow to braden mutual cooperation
AZAL to increase the number of flights operated between Baku and Istanbul to 4 times per week
AZAL opens sale for special Baku-London-Baku flights
Azerbaijan’s Shaki winery to produce new types of wine
Azerbaijani Khazar Inshaat talks construction of housing estates in Sumgayit city
Azerbaijan’s Brot Baku company postpones opening of its store
Actual beneficiaries of agricultural subsidies be determined in Azerbaijan by late 2020
Fitch Ratings forecasts global fiscal deficit
Turkmenistan, Bahrain discuss cooperation development in energy sector
Azerbaijan reports 537 new COVID-19 cases
Details on cargo transshipment from Belgium via Turkish ports disclosed
Oil product prices start growing in Georgia
Numerous business projects to get support in Kazakhstan's Karaganda region
Turkmengas State Concern to buy electrical products via tender
Volume of five-month cargo transshipment through Turkish Samsun port disclosed
Details on cargo transshipment from Oman via ports of Turkey revealed
Russian Copper Company to start underground mine operation in Kazakhstan
Azerbaijani MP talks growth of areas where economic reforms vigorously implemented
Eurasia Drilling Company's operations in Caspian to continue to under-perform
Gas tariff to remain unchanged in Georgia for three years
Turkmenistan sets deadline for submitting tax returns
Bank of Georgia takes new initiative to develop wine sector
All news