Russia defends basic principles in UN resolution on Iran

Other News Materials 25 December 2006 11:15 (UTC +04:00)

(Itar-Tass) - Russia has defended its basic principles in the adopted resolution on Iran's nuclear program.

The resolution passed on Saturday demands from all countries to take necessary measures to prevent the import by Iran and export from it of all materials, equipment, products and technologies that could help Iran's to go ahead with activities related to uranium enrichment, reports Trend.

However, Russia succeeded in excluding the nuclear power plant in Bushehr, which is being built with Russia's assistance, from the resolution's text. The document doesn't impose a travel ban on representatives of Iranian legal entities and natural persons even if their trips are linked to Teheran's nuclear and missile programs despite objections on the part of western countries. A definition that the Iranian nuclear program presents a threat to international peace and security was also thrown out from the resolution's preamble.

Russian diplomats say in its prohibitive part, the resolution is clearly focused on the most problematic spheres of Iran's activities, those that are causing the greatest international concern. The resolution demands freezing this kind of activities so as negotiations could begin to discuss the proposals that were made to Iran by the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council and Germany last summer.

After two months of hard talks, Russian diplomats succeeded in ensuring further free cooperation with Iran in spheres that don't pose a threat from the point of view of proliferation of nuclear weapons. It is also vitally important that the resolution doesn't imply the use of force against Iran. It clearly indicates a peaceful settlement of the Iranian nuclear problem via talks as well as the suspension and subsequent removal of the sanctions contained in the resolution if Teheran meets the international community's demands.

We are satisfied that all the concerns and position of the Russian side on the key problems were taken into account and incorporated in the text of this resolution, Russian Ambassador to the United Nations Vitaly Churkin told Russian reporters.

We did a good job but our common victory will be when we manage to solve Iran's nuclear program through joint political and diplomatic efforts, Churkin went on to say.

Asked to comment on a package of sanctions provided by the resolution, Moscow described them as the last instrument, which the international diplomacy can resort to. In this connection, Vitaly Churkin said in May this year Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov convinced the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council and Germany that to stop drafting a sanctions resolution and work out a package proposal on Iran. He added Russia had done its best but failed to prevent the impositions of sanctions.

Churkin said he hopes for a constructive reaction of Iran's leaders what, in his view, could lead to the resumption of talks.