Attacks committed by the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL) have had a negative effect on energy projects around Kirkuk and Mosul, but oil shipments from Iraq have experienced no problems so far, Turkish Energy Minister Taner Yildiz has said Hurriyet Daily News reported
"After the peshmerga [Kurdish forces of northern Iraq] retook control of some oil fields, oil shipments began to rise. Some 240,000 barrels of oil were shipped just yesterday, a dramatic rise from around 100,000 barrels before. We are working to keep unproblematic oil shipments. Iraq needs more oil income right now and we are ready to ship seven-fold of what we ship today," Yildiz said in a live interview on private broadcaster NTV on Oct. 20.
He added that total exports of Iraqi oil through Turkey since May have reached 18 million barrels, despite ongoing tension in the region.
Yildiz also touched on Turkey's possible problems with meeting its gas demand due to the ongoing tension between Russia and Ukraine, admitting that there was a possibility of a supply crisis.
"We may face some problems with meeting our gas demand, but we see some progress after the negotiations between the European Union, Ukraine and Russia. Some revisions were made in gas prices," he said.
"Let's have a look at Turkey's position in this equation: We generate half of our electricity from imported natural gas. Half of this gas comes from Russia, mainly via Ukraine. Some 12.5 percent of our gas needs come via Ukraine. This is huge. We hope not to face a big gas crisis, but we also admit that there is such a possibility," he added.
An interim natural gas deal between Moscow and Kiev, reached last weekend, could supply just enough to get Ukraine through the winter, as long as the weather does not become unusually cold.
Russia, Ukraine and the European Commission moved towards an agreement in late September and made further progress last weekend, and the deal is expected to be finalized at meetings between officials in Brussels today.
Russia cut off the gas supply to Ukraine in mid-June following more than two years of disagreement over the price and after relations between the two countries deteriorated over Moscow's annexation of Crimea and fighting in the east of Ukraine.
Electricity and gas prices in Turkey increased by 9 percent at the end of September, effective for three months starting Oct. 1, after two years of no increases, mainly due to the depreciation of the Turkish Lira.
Yildiz asked for a discount on the price of gas Turkey buys from Russia during talks in Moscow in October. Russia's Gazprom is now working on a detailed price package in line with Turkey's demand for a discount on natural gas prices, Gazprom Vice President Alexander Medvedev said earlier this month.
Yildiz said Turkey's state-run pipeline company BOTAŞ had lost 2 billion liras annually as it did not raise gas prices for the good of the public. "We are now asking for a discount in gas prices abroad. We will see how much of a discount we can get after the negotiations," he added.
The terrorist organization known as the 'Islamic State' (IS, formerly ISIL or ISIS) was created in 2003 in Iraq. Between 2004 and 2006, the organization was led by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, and consisted of 11 radical Islamist groups, which had close ties to the terrorist organization Al-Qaeda.
Following the start of military confrontation in Syria in 2013 between the armed opposition and the government forces, the IS penetrated the country. The organization said at the time it refuses to take the oath of Al-Qaeda and declared 'a holy war' against all groups in Iraq and Syria, as well as the Syrian government forces.