Baku, Azerbaijan, March 30
By Fatih Karimov - Trend:
Tehran province is facing a critical water shortage, Ghatreh website quoted Khosro Erteqaei, the province's regional water company's managing director, as saying on March 30.
Considering low precipitations in the province, if people do not lower consumption, we will face serious deficit of water resources, he said.
Just 35 million cubic meters of water can be used from two dams in the eastern part of Tehran, he said, adding that the city of Tehran consumes about three million cubic meters of water per day.
The situation of water resources in Iran has passed beyond the critical condition, Donya-ye Eqtesad daily quoted Iranian Energy Minister Hamid Chitchian as saying on February 19.
At present, 96 billion cubic meters of the country's total 120 billion cubic meters of renewable water resources is being consumed annually, he said, adding that if 40-60 percent of renewable water resources is consumed in any country, that country is said to be in a critical condition.
During the past decade, precipitations have declined to 242 millimetres from 250 millimetres, he noted.
The water shortage has reached a critical level in Tabriz, Isfahan, Khuzestan, Qum, Mashhad and Hamadan provinces, advisor to Iran's Energy Minister, Hamidrza Janbaz said on Nov.17, MEHR agency reported.
Currently a special programme is being worked out in order to solve the water shortage problem in the next three years, according to Janbaz.
"A drought has being observed in the country for nearly 13 years. The demand for water increases with population growth," Janbaz said.
In July, Iran's water supply company warned in a special statement about the water shortage in several cities of the country and imposed quotas for fresh water.
Iran is located in an arid zone and the country has been repeatedly faced with drought in the past 40 years.
The drought of 1992-2002 caused a major blow to agriculture. There were quotas imposed for fresh water in several cities including Tehran.