Azerbaijan, Baku, 5 November /corr. Trend D.Ibrahimova / Barack Obama's election as the President of the USA may change tactics of relations with Iran, but can not cardinally change the U.S. policy
"It is inexpedient to expect serious changes in the Iranian-American relations after elections. Obama's victory can become cause changes in the American diplomatic approach... from the policy of restraining to holding direct dialogue," Clementh Therme, researcher of the French Institute of International Relations, told Trend via e-mail.
In the presidential elections which took place in the USA on 4 November, the United States Senator from Illinois, Barack Obama gained confident victory, gaining 338 votes as compared to 156 gained by Senator from Arizona, McCain.
In the beginning of his pre-election campaign, Obama mentioned his intention to meet with the President of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, without initial conditions, but later he said he is not sure whether Ahmadinejad is the man with whom it is worthy to meet.
Iran can go to talks with the USA only without conditions and if the United States provides guarantee of security to Iran, Hooshang Amirahmedi, chairman of American-Iranian Council, told Trend by telephone from Washington.
Direct negotiations with the Iranian
leaders will give the USA more possibilities to pass to the more rigid
international sanctions, Obama said during his election campaign. Besides this,
he promised to strengthen diplomatic pressure on Iran, before Israel will bring blow on the nuclear facilities of Iran, Associated Press reported.
The doubts of the USA regarding the peaceful character of the nuclear program of Iran are stumbling stone between the two countries. The United States fear that Iran will create nuclear bomb, whereas Teheran insists that the nuclear program is directed exclusively towards the peaceful purposes. As a result, the UN Security Council passed four resolutions with respect to Iran over the recent two years.
Analysts consider that it is unworthy to expect cardinal changes in the relations between Iran and USA.
"Firstly there are psychological aspects in the relations between the two states - the Americans still remember hostages being taken in the American Embassy in Iran in 1979, and Iranians - overthrow of Musaddig in 1953. Secondly these are internal problems in both states," said Therme, author of several reports on Iran.
One more problem, which does not make it possible for the USA to draw together with Iran, is the fact that this rapprochement will bring worsening in the relations with Israel for the USA and loss of revolutionary image for Iran.
Paul Ingram, head of British American Security Information Council (BASIC), believes there are a number factors that remain, not least suspicion in the United States over Iranian involvement in Iraq, continuing revelations over a possible nuclear weapon program, and United States' striving to isolate the Iranians.
election as the President of the USA can involve the application of new
sanctions with respect to Iran, Iranian political scientist Ahmed Zeydabadi
said. Unlike Bush, Obama will be able to obtain large support from the European
powers in adoption of sanctions with respect to Iran because Obama is more
charismatic than his predecessor, Zeydabadi said.
However, the idea of transfer to direct negotiations itself is break in foreign policy of the USA.
For the first time since the period of the
Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, the American state officials began to
indicate the need for beginning direct talks between the USA and Iran, Clementh
But the USA have the common policy with respect to Iran, and precisely it will not allow the United States to fundamentally change its attitude and to allow Iran to enlarge influence in the Middle East, Zeydabadi said.
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