Baku, Azerbaijan, Oct. 15
By Umid Niayesh - Trend:
The nuclear agreement between Iran and the P5+1, when implemented, will severely curtail Iran's nuclear program and stop it well short of nuclear weapons for a generation or more, Daryl Kimball, the Executive Director of the Arms Control Association(ACA) said.
The deal puts in place an unprecedented, multilayered verification and monitoring regime, and includes provisions to help ensure compliance with the restrictions established by the agreement, Kimball told Trend Oct. 15.
After several months of talks, on July 14, Iran and the P5+1 (US, Russia, China, France, UK, and Germany) announced a final accord, curbing Iran's nuclear program in exchange for the lifting of most international sanctions.
Kimball believes that the agreement will strengthen international security and the security of the US allies and partners in the Middle East as well.
Without the agreement, Iran's nuclear capabilities would likely have grown very quickly and would have presented a very serious threat to the region, he said, adding by blocking Iran's nuclear weapons pathways, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA aka Iran nuclear deal) also will reduce the incentive of other states in the region to pursue their own nuclear fuel-making programs.
"The JCPOA contains several innovative provisions that go beyond the requirements of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and standard International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards. These measures could be applied for a longer period of time in Iran if pursued on a regional basis, and there are additional nonproliferation commitments that would bolster the JCPOA in the years ahead."
He further said that several of these measures could help address concerns about Iran 's potential nuclear capabilities in the post-year 15 period of the agreement when many of the restrictions on uranium-enrichment capacity will expire.
While responding a question about the possible effects of the nuclear deal to settle the regional problems, Kimball said that the deal cannot and will not solve other issues of concern in the region-including the need for a diplomatic resolution to the gruesome Syrian conflict, the war in Yemen, chronic Sunni vs. Shiite sectarian tensions, and friction between Arab states and Israel over Palestine and other matters.
"But the JCPOA, by removing the threat of a nuclear-armed Iran from the equation, could improve the chances of those key states to take the necessary steps to address these and other problems."
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