Golan Heights – War and Peace between Syria and Israel – Trend Expert

Israel, Jerusalem, 28 April / Trend corr. Arye Gut / Most of the Israelis fear unexpected attack on the Golan Heights or even return of the Golan Heights back to Syria through the peace negotiations. The residents of Golan Heights have important strategic meaning, as they give Israel control over the fertile Khula lands. Even the remote idea about returning of Golan Heights back to Syria cause fear amongst Israelis, as the tanks and artillery dislocated in Golan Heights may bomb the Israeli settlements. Specialists, however, stated that occupation of Golan Heights does not assure Israel from artillery bombing from the Syrian territory.

Damascus lost sovereignty over Golan Heights in 1967 during the Six days war, where Israel won Syria, Egypt and Jordan. Since then, Israel and Syria have been in the state of war. Syria, as well as the international community, has never recognized the sovereignty of Israel over Golan Heights. Official Damask stated repeatedly that it might normalize the relations and recognize Israel only after Jerusalem would return back these lands. In 1973, during the War of Judgment Day, the Syrian Armed Forces owing to sudden attack could gain control over the southern part of Golan Heights. However, the Israeli militaries managed to get it back the lost lands. In November 1981, the Knesset passed a bill which envisages expansion of Israeli legislation over the lands, but the lands were not annexed.

The will of Syria to take control over Golan Heights again and Israeli unwillingness to make compromise are caused by geopolitical, military-political and economical issues. First of all, there is a good condition in the Heights to review, listen and fire at Damask Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. From the military point of view, Golan Heights have significant meaning for entire middle east region. Both countries want to keep the control over the territory. Secondly, the Jordan River, which is important water source for the both countries, springs from the Heights.

Furthermore, several other rivers are running from the Heights, which have significant meaning for dry climate in the region. So, Syria and Israel fear that they will be deprived of water in the case of intensification of relations. Israel aims to control Banias, where one of the thirds main sources of Jordan River, as well as Tiveriad lake is located. Israel is unlikely to agree to pass the control over Banias even if it is granted with the hot sources of El-Khamm of Tiveriad lake's southern region.

Many Israeli experts on the Israeli-Syrian relations ask themselves a question why the Israeli administration headed by Olmert is full of 'pink' hopes towards Bashar Asad's Government, while the leaders of leading Arabian countries do not trust Syria, which has relation with Iran and supports Hezbollah, and while America does not trust Syria so much that even being the upholder of the peace negotiations it anyway opposes the negotiations between Israel and Asad.

The fact that Damask recognizes Iran as its strategic partner raises reason for serious doubt in Asad's peace approach to solve the Syrian-Israeli problems.

Syria, which has been in isolation, is economically weak and is just capable to protect its own territories. Official Jerusalem follows the situation in the north border, growth force of Hezbollah, which is supported by Damask and events happening behind the borders of Israel. Israel is a very strong country in the region. However, most people in Israel understand that the peace is quite far, as Syria through the political and financial support of Teheran supports Hezbollah and Hamas, which oppose Israel. Syria stated repeatedly about peace with Israel, however, it is difficult for official Damask, which has military-political contacts with Iran, to launch negotiations with Israel.

EU supports JCPOA commitments
EU supports JCPOA commitments
Iran and US negotiate only within JCPOA framework
Iran and US negotiate only within JCPOA framework
IAEA chief Grossi describes black box-type deal reached with Iran
IAEA chief Grossi describes black box-type deal reached with Iran
Loading Bars
Armenia has always supported terrorism - MP
EU supports JCPOA commitments
Azerbaijan focused on rehabilitation, reconstruction of liberated lands - MP
Assistant to Azerbaijan's president talks country's success in int'l information field
Baku Stock Exchange to auction off Azerbaijani Central Bank's short-term notes
Azerbaijan records growth of GDP in non-oil sector over Jan. 2021
Azerbaijan discloses volume of fruits and vegetables exported since early 2021
Azerbaijan would like to bring new ideas, proposals to region with help of OSCE - MP
Uzbekistan, Tajikistan talk opening ground checkpoints
All Armenian prisoners of war have been returned to Armenia - Azerbaijani MP
President Aliyev makes phone call to President Erdogan
Number of electronic registrations of businesses in Azerbaijan growing
TikTok is more affordable with Azercell!
Etsy not thinking of accepting bitcoin right now
Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan reach agreement on drilling wells with Satti jack-up rig
Only close cooperation can help demilitarize South Caucasus region - Azerbaijani MP
Azerbaijan Caspian Shipping CJSC receives int'l certificate in use of specialized software
FAO outlines strategy for healthy and productive livestock in Europe, Central Asia
Azerbaijan's January 2021 revenues from exports to US increase over fourfold
Registration of new enterprises down in Georgia
We have created new realities, Armenia and other countries must reckon with it - President Aliyev
Azerbaijan's AzerGold, BUZ Consulting ink contract to acquire Microsoft license
Precious metal prices down in Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan's State Employment Agency opens tender on e-platform development
Azerbaijan holds minute of silence to honor Khojaly genocide victims
Turkmenistan's Turkmenhimiya extends tender for turnkey construction of plants
Putin discusses current situation in Karabakh with Russian Security Council members
Azerbaijan records decline in total assets of local banks for Jan.2021
CNPC in Turkmenistan opens tender for purchase of tubing, spare parts
TPP in Uzbekistan announces tender for construction of combined cycle unit
Iran launches telecommunication projects in Isfahan Province
Azerbaijani witnesses to Khojaly genocide recount tragic events - Trend TV (VIDEO)
Turkmenistan conducts exploration, drilling operations at fields in Caspian region
Portugal's 'Original Features' shoots film about Khojaly genocide (VIDEO)
China will extend tariff exemptions for 65 U.S. products
Azerbaijan reports 180 more COVID-19 recoveries
Russian state official stresses need to reveal out causes and culprits of Khojaly tragedy
Uzbekistan to increase number of facilities recording water based on 'smart water’ technology
Uzbekistan’s 2020 volume of foreign direct investments down
Nothing must divert involved sides from main task in Nagorno-Karabakh region - Russian MFA
Kazakhstan reports increase in agriculture yield year-on-year
Iran's export to Spain declines
EU overseeing several projects to reinforce renewable energy use in Georgia
Azerbaijani population honoring memory of victims of Khojaly genocide (PHOTO)
Despite events in Armenia, it's necessary to continue implementation of agreements on Nagorno-Karabakh - Russian official
Azerbaijan jointly with Turkey to improve gaming industry - Game Tech
Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine reduces transmission after one dose
India's April-Jan fiscal deficit hits 66.8% of full-year target
Azerbaijan discloses amount of compensations paid to depositors of closed banks
Turkmenistan, Russia considering co-op in construction, electrification of railways
EBRD reveals info on investments in Azerbaijani projects
Turkey to ask Russia for discount on natural gas imports
European Council President Charles Michel to visit Georgia
Spain lowers import of Azerbaijani crude oil
WB, BSEC and Georgia start consultations on 'blueing the Black Sea'
Azerbaijani ombudsman makes statement on 29th anniversary of Khojaly genocide (VIDEO)
There will be good opportunity for cooperation between our relevant agencies and international companies - President Aliyev
Azerbaijan issues data on 2020 oil export to Greece
France raises imports of Turkish made cars
Turkey records increase in car exports to Georgia
Turkey discloses foreign trade turnover in Jan. 2021
We are preparing master plan for reconstruction of each city - President of Azerbaijan
Process of modernization of Azerbaijani cities continues - President Aliyev
Armenia ruined almost all religious monuments in Azerbaijani de-occupied lands - State Committee
Turkish president reveres memory of Azerbaijani brothers and sisters ruthlessly murdered in Khojaly
Memory of Khojaly genocide to live forever, says Azerbaijan's ombudsperson
Azerbaijan sees decline in crude oil exports to India
Azerbaijan nearly doubles oil supplies to Ukraine
Turkey discloses number of ships received at Antalya port in Jan.2021
Turkmen Airlines to receive new Boeing 777-200LR aircraft
Georgian Oil and Gas Corporation reveals amount of oil extracted in country
Turkmenistan extends suspension of flights
We were preparing for war all these years, we never concealed that - President of Azerbaijan
Pakistani Airlines requests permission to operate flights to Uzbekistan
According to our information, about 6,000-7,000 invaders were killed - President of Azerbaijan
Armenia has never been in such miserable state - President of Azerbaijan
State of Azerbaijan and I as President will always be with members of martyrs` families and war disabled - President Aliyev
Starting from July 17 until last day of war, several planes brought free weapons to Armenia every day - President Aliyev
Blood of victims of Khojaly was also avenged in second Karabakh war - President Aliyev
Current, former leaders of Armenia to be blamed for country’s current tough situation - Azerbaijani President
President warns about 'revanchism sentiments' regarding Azerbaijan's lands
Did Armenia buy those Iskander missiles for money? It got them for free - President Aliyev
Bangladesh PM’s younger sister gets first shot of Covid-19 vaccine
Thai-Sikh girl wins Bangkok award, dreams of Bollywood
We have shown that people of Azerbaijan are victorious - President Aliyev
Relatives of those in Armenia killed in war didn't even receive a hut, let alone a house - President Aliyev
Families of our children killed in Karabakh wars will be given apartments - President Aliyev
Eurasia Drilling Company reduces well drilling y-o-y
There was not single deserter in Azerbaijani army - President Aliyev
Surrender of Shusha, Lachin and Kalbajar during Musavat government was great act of betrayal - president
Uzbekinvest eyes expanding volume of insurance, reinsurance services
Baku Higher Oil School honors memory of victims of Khojaly genocide (PHOTO)
SOCAR’s Kulevi terminal details maintenance strategy
President Ilham Aliyev makes Facebook post on Khojaly genocide (PHOTO)
CBI governor expects Expediency Council to approve Palermo bill
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict ended, Azerbaijan resolved this issue - President Aliyev
Perpetrators of Khojaly genocide must be punished - Turkish ambassador
Prices for Azerbaijani oil continue to rise
Azerbaijani currency rates for Feb. 26
New Ambassador of Turkmenistan accredited in Kazakhstan
All news