Baku, Azerbaijan, Nov. 6
By Umid Niayesh - Trend:
The authority for possessing a peaceful nuclear program is not issued by international political players, but based on the International Atomic Energy Agency's laws and rules, like Non-Proliferation Treaty, Saeed Yari, the Chief Secretary of the Organization on Iran's National Interest Protection (NIP) said.
The main problem in Iran is the West's desire to keep sanctions imposed on Islamic Republic in long term and on the opposite side, the main problem is Iran 's deviation from the peaceful nuclear program to make atomic bombs, Yari who is an expert on nuclear issues told Trend Nov. 6.
Yari made the remarks while reacting to US Secretary of State, John Kerry's recent statements about Iran 's nuclear program.
"They have a right to a peaceful program, but not a track to a bomb," Kerry said on Nov. 5 as he met with his French counterpart, Laurent Fabius ahead of a crucial round of talks over Tehran's nuclear activities.
The Kerry's statement is not a new issue, Yari said, adding the US's decision about elimination of sanctions could be a new approach to solve the long-stretched nuclear disputation.
He said that about 95 percent of the western sanctions imposed on Iran can be eliminated immediately or in the mid-term.
Iranian authorities made a consensus decision to start nuclear negotiations to solve the disputations during meetings of the Supreme National Security Council last year, which led to the milestone Geneva nuclear which was achieved in last November between Iran and the P5+1, Yari said.
He added that Iran 's approach is continuance of negotiations until reaching a comprehensive nuclear deal.
The P5+1 wants that the heavier sanctions against Iran to remain in force as a tool to prevent the Islamic Republic from deviation towards obtaining nuclear weapon, but Iran wants the sanctions be eliminated. At least the West can define a modality and a time-table to eliminate the sanctions on Iran in the mid-term, but it seems they don't want that, Yari argued.
It is not a secret that the western sanctions has put pressure on both Iran's government and people, but it doesn't mean Iran must go to concessions against the West's all demands, Yari said.
Iran can implement a "resistance economy" plan, but the best way for Iran is in a revival of its economy by getting back to global economy communication, he added.
Iran made its best to be truthful to its commitments about interim nuclear accord, but it seems the U.S. performed 50 percent truthfulness, not more, the expert claimed.
While commenting on the two sides' differences on the uranium enrichment issue Yari said that regarding the uranium enrichment program, there are three scenario: enriching uranium in abroad or establishing a joint consensus including Iran in abroad to enrich uranium and make nuclear fuels to be delivered in Iran as well as continuance of the uranium enrichment in limited level with tough supervision inside Iran.
The first two options have been rejected by Iran and the third option is under negotiation so far, he said, [but] "I think the sides can reach a common agreement on the third option, in case the West promise to eliminate the sanction on Iran in mid-term."
Iran and the P5+1(the five permanent members of the UN Security Council plus Germany ) will hold the next round of nuclear negotiations in Omani capital city of Muscat on Nov.11. A trilateral meeting of Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, US Secretary of State John Kerry and outgoing EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton is also scheduled for Nov. 9- 10 in the same city.
Zarif, Kerry and Ashton had trilateral meetings on Oct. 14-16 and discussed disputed issues such as uranium enrichment extent, ways of lifting imposed sanctions and duration of the agreement.
Last November, Iran and the P5+1 clinched an interim nuclear accord, which took effect on Jan. 20 and expired six months later. However, the parties agreed to extend their talks until Nov. 24 as they remained divided on a number of key issues.