Uzbekistan, Tashkent, July 25 / Trend, D. Azizov /
Uzbek government has approved a comprehensive program on training people how to act at natural and anthropogenic emergencies caused by earthquakes.
A comprehensive program for 2011-2015 aims to improve the system of prevention, response and training population for emergencies.
In particular, it is envisaged to train public at large, including school and college students how to act in emergencies, creating voluntary rescue teams, issuing publications and preparation of training courses on principles of personal and social safety.
It is planned to introduce "Life Security" courses at all educational institutions of Uzbekistan from September 2012.
It is planned to develop and disseminate booklets "How to construct seismically firm houses" on rules of construction of individual houses given construction norms and rules in seismic areas from December 2011.
The program also envisages measures on education and training of the citizen gatherings councils and public formations and conducting rescue work at emergency situations in mahallas (micro-districts), providing them with necessary resources. It is planned to hold model trainings and tactical and special trainings on modern and adequate actions of populations at emergency situations.
The program also envisages publication of security passport of students and booklets "Personal security of student" in Uzbek, Kara-kalpak, Russian and other languages with indicating rules of acting at emergency situations in earthquakes.
In 2011-2012, volunteer clubs Yosh Qutqaruvchi (Young Rescuers) will be created at schools, lyceums and colleges with organizing their training.
From January 2013, the Civil Defense Institute of the Emergency Situations Ministry will organize practical lessons how to act in earthquakes for heads of educational institutions.
In accordance with the program, Uzbekistan will conduct seismic micro zoning at large settlements, located at a 9-magnitude seismically active zone.
The program envisages creating scientific and educational video clips on peculiarities and causes of emergency situations caused by earthquakes, as well as population's actions at such situations.
It is also planned to create a section "Emergency situation: how to act?" at the Emergency Ministry's website. It will be gradually filled with methodical materials, related to preventing and acting of population at emergency situations caused by earthquakes.
The earthquake occurred in Uzbekistan on July 20 at midnight.
The epicenter was at 235 kilometers south - east of Tashkent, in the territory of Kyrgyzstan. T he magnitude of the tremors was 6.5-7.0.
The most affected region is the Fergana region of Uzbekistan. According to the Ministry of Emergency Situations, about 13 people died and 86 were injured.