Today Azerbaijan marks the Day of the Republic.
Azerbaijan was the colony of Russia for along period of time. But, the Azerbaijani people always struggled for freedom and independence.
The 20th century is known in the history not only as the Age of science and techniques, but also the age of freeing of the people from colony and establishment of national states.
The revolution in 1917 in Russia put cut-line to the ruling of the Romanovs family and Russian Empire collapsed. Nations had to determine their faith. Using this opportunity, patriotic sons of Azerbaijan declared the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan in May 28, 1918.
The Azerbaijani Democratic Republic was the first democratic Republic in the whole East. ADR war a parliamentary state. It also had state attributes- the flag, the anthem and the arms. Three colored flag symbolized Turkism, Islamism and European tendency. The ADR existed only 23 months. In April 28, 1920 the 11th army of the Bolsheviks occupied Azerbaijan and Republic collapsed.
The Day of the Republic- the day of regaining state independence has been celebrated as the state holiday since 1990.
Based on the Labor Code of Azerbaijan, if public holidays fall on weekends, the day-off is moved to the next working day immediately after the holiday. As May 28 falls on a Saturday, May 30 is a day-off.