Bush seeks help against African violence

( AP )- On ground haunted by one of the worst atrocities of modern times, President Bush pleaded with the global community Tuesday for decisive action to stop grisly violence in African nations like Kenya and Sudan.

"There is evil in the world and evil must be confronted," said Bush, shaken by his visit to a museum that tells the story of Rwanda's 1994 genocide in which more than 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were slaughtered in just 100 days by extremist Hutu militias.

Bush, who famously once wrote "not on my watch" in the margin of a report on the Rwanda massacre, decided not to send U.S. troops into Sudan, focusing instead on imposing sanctions, applying diplomatic pressure and training and transporting other nations' soldiers for peacekeeping.

He has been particularly frustrated at what he sees as sluggish efforts by other nations against the atrocities that have raged in Sudan's western Darfur region for five years. Bush has called Darfur's situation genocide, though others have not. Hoping that his campaign for increased involvement by others would gain more weight from the scene of another genocide , the president used strong language to blast the international effort.

"If you're a problem solver, you put yourself at the mercy of the decisions of others, in this case, the United Nations," Bush said. "It is - seems very bureaucratic to me, particularly with people suffering."

At least 200,000 have been killed in a campaign by militias supported by Sudan's Arab-dominated government against black African communities in Darfur. Four cease-fires have gone unheeded. And only about 9,000 of an expected 26,000-troop peacekeeping force, a joint effort by the United Nations and the African Union, have been deployed. The Sudanese government has still not agreed to non-African troops and the U.N. has not persuaded governments to supply helicopters.

Bush hoped to spur the world into action with Rwanda's history, and also its positive example. This tiny Central African nation of lush hills and rugged mountains - about the size of Maryland - was the first to commit peacekeepers to Darfur, and still has the largest contingent there.

"My message to other nations is: `Join with the president and help us get this problem solved once and for all,'" Bush said after meetings with Rwandan President Paul Kagame.

The U.S. has spent $600 million on peacekeeping operations in Darfur, including to train and equip peacekeepers from several nations, transport troops and equipment back and forth and operate base camps, according to the White House. On Tuesday, Bush announced that $100 million would be made available for additional training and equipment.

Bush said Rwanda's history also should serve as a grim warning as the world now watches Kenya disintegrate, with long-simmering ethnic hatreds playing a role in bloodshed that is shockingly brutal for a country once considered among Africa's most stable.

Foreign and local observers say the December presidential elections that returned Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki to power were rigged. It unleashed weeks of fighting, much of it pitting other ethnic groups against Kibaki's Kikuyu tribe that is resented for dominating politics and business.

"I'm not suggesting that ... anything close to what happened here is going to happen in Kenya," Bush said. "But I am suggesting there's some warning signs that the international community needs to pay attention to, and we're paying attention to it."

The president and his wife, Laura, spent about 40 minutes at the Kigali Memorial Centre, where a trellis-covered hilltop houses mass graves for about 250,000 victims of Rwanda's nightmare. Bush appeared sickened by what he saw, including stark stories of child victims - their innocent lives and brutal deaths.

"It can't help but shake your emotions to their very foundation," Bush said. By Kagame's side later, he said: "I just can't imagine what it would have been like to be a citizen who lived in such horrors, and then had to, you know, gather themselves up and try to live a hopeful life." And at the dedication of a new $80 million U.S. embassy here, Bush used the term "holocaust museum" to refer to where he had been.

Rwanda was Bush's third stop in Africa after Benin and Tanzania. He flew to Ghana on Tuesday and will visit Liberia on Thursday

The continuing conflict in neighboring Congo involves many of the same ethnic tensions - and some of the people - as Rwanda's genocide, and Kagame's government has a troubled history there. But Bush stepped gingerly in public with his host around what he and advisers had said before his trip would be an effort to nudge Kagame to live up to obligations to help end that violence.

Some of the Rwandan genocide's perpetrators fled into Congo, prompting fears here of a resurgence. In part as a result, Rwanda invaded Congo in 1998 and the back-to-back multination wars there killed a staggering 5.4 million people. Rwanda was accused of plundering Congo's resources before the wars ended in 2002 and it pulled its out soldiers.

Sporadic violence has continued to plague Congo's volatile no-man's-land in the east since then, and some suspect Rwanda of still supplying rebel groups. Bush said he and Kagame talked "for a long time" about last year's peace accord between Rwanda and Congo and last month's fragile cease-fire forged between Congo's government and a rebel warlord and other armed groups. The U.S. helped broker both.

"The most important thing is to get results for the agreement and that's what we discussed today," Bush said.

Kagame, a Tutsi, was the leader of a Uganda-based rebel group that ousted the Hutu-dominated government and stopped the genocide. He now leads a coalition government where Hutus and Tutsis split key positions.

But though Bush sees Kagame as a respected ally and a man of action, the Rwandan leader is criticized for authoritarian ways.

A French judge also issued international arrest warrants for nine Rwandans close to Kagame for involvement in the rocket attack that downed the former Rwandan president's plane and sparked the genocide. Rwanda rejects the charges and broke off diplomatic relations with France. And, last week, a Spanish judge indicted 40 members of the military under Kagame, accusing them of committing atrocities while fighting to take power and staging mass killings of Hutus afterward in both Rwanda and Congo.

Paul Rusesabagina, the hotel manager whose heroism in the face of genocide inspired the movie "Hotel Rwanda" and was awarded the Medal of Freedom in 2005 by Bush, urged the president to push for justice. "Not a single one of them has been punished," he wrote in a letter. "You, Mr. President, have the power to change Rwanda for the better."

Russia and Azerbaijan lead in import of electricity to Georgia
Russia and Azerbaijan lead in import of electricity to Georgia
Italian Eni launches implementation of its solar energy project in Kazakhstan
Italian Eni launches implementation of its solar energy project in Kazakhstan
Electricity production in Georgia to increase after Namakhvani HPP is ready
Electricity production in Georgia to increase after Namakhvani HPP is ready
Loading Bars
Latest
Long-awaited end to Karabakh conflict creates new opportunities - Former US ambassador to Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan shows footage from Kechikli village of Zangilan district (VIDEO)
Azerbaijan interested in strengthening export and investment potential with Argentina
President Aliyev gives speech at virtual Summit of Economic Cooperation Organization
MFA shares potential sectors of Lithuanian investment in Georgia
Georgian kiwi enters Japanese market
Azerbaijan's ENGINET company talks unique solutions for local market
Kazakh gold extracting venture opens tender to buy spares
Kazakhstan intends to attract funds to improve energy efficiency of facilities
Volume of food products sold in Baku's trade network increases
Georgia shows progress in curbing coronavirus cases - WHO
Azerbaijani Finance Ministry allocates funds for maintenance services
Restaurant business subsidizing program launched in Tbilisi
UK's Johnson says Brexit problems in Northern Ireland are solvable
Supporting Member Country ECAs: ICIEC endorse supportive reinsurance treaty with JLGC
Uztekstilprom, French Proparco talk profitable financing for textile projects
Georgian consulting company launching project for female entrepreneurs
Georgian wine export to US down
Russia and Azerbaijan lead in import of electricity to Georgia
Several low-cost airlines resume flights to Georgia
Azerbaijan-Belarus foreign trade operations for Jan. 2021 revealed
Azerbaijan confirms 124 more COVID-19 recoveries
Kazakhstan increasing control over development of oil and gas fields
State property privatization plan in Georgia surpasses initial plan
Several containers with cargo to pass through Azerbaijan along BTK railway - ADY Container
Rehabilitation centers can be established in Azerbaijan's liberated lands - Agency
Azerbaijan discloses number of imported cars in 2020
Uzbekistan’s 1M2021 profit for banks increases
Germany approves AstraZeneca for over-65s
New plant to be commissioned in Baku
Azerbaijan to receive Astra Zeneca vaccine via COVAX mechanism - WHO
Turkmengas opens again tender for operation of video surveillance system
Uzbekistan, Belarus agree to expand range of mutually supplied agricultural products
Uzbek currency rates for March 5
Italian Eni launches implementation of its solar energy project in Kazakhstan
Ensuring security in Karabakh our top priority - Turkish president
Georgia eyes to select new investor for Anaklia port
Creation of Kazakhstan-Azerbaijan Business Council under discussion
Covaxin demonstrates prowess of Atmanirbhar Bharat, says ICMR chief
India, Philippines sign key defence pact, set ball rolling for BrahMos missile sale
Turkey supports Georgia in deepening relations with Euro-Atlantic structures
Moldova Post plans to develop co-op with Turkmenistan in field of postal services
Georgia preparing for issuance of new Eurobond
Europe reviewing Russia's COVID-19 vaccine
German companies interested in funding Azerbaijan's railway projects
Uzbekistan to launch production of electric scooters in Fergana region
Azerbaijani State Customs Committee chairman names most-imported products for 2020
India, Norway to work together in marine spatial planning
PM Modi may launch trading points, connectivity projects in Dhaka
India to fund NRs 246 million for reconstruction of Cultural Heritages in Nepal
Kazakhstan, Tajikistan resuming mutual air traffic
Several ships and related facilities to be launched in Iranian ports
Iran reveals COVID-19 data for March 4
Azerbaijani FM’s letter to UN sec-gen disseminated as document of organization
Kazakhstan increases imports of Iran-made goods
Georgia plans to create new economic development plan
Baku Statistical Department discloses Jan. 2021 volume of paid services to citizens
Electricity production in Georgia to increase after Namakhvani HPP is ready
Uzbekistan reveals volume of industrial production for Jan. 2021
Students and graduates of Baku Higher Oil School shown high results in entrance exams for master's degree programs
Azerbaijani PASHA Bank eyes attracting IT companies to implement joint projects
Azerbaijani banks' demand at foreign exchange auction decrease
Iran’s Bahar Azadi gold coin price fell
Azerbaijan, Turkey to hold joint military exercises (PHOTO)
Turkish foreign minister to visit Uzbekistan
Volume of cargo loaded, unloaded in Iran’s Dayyer port revealed
Kazakhstan’s Ulba Metallurgical Plant announces tender to buy accumulators
Moldova Post talks details of postal communication resumption with Turkmenistan
Buta Airways to launch ticket sales for Baku-Istanbul-Baku Flights
Iran Khodro Company expects to meet forecasts
Azerbaijani IT company seeks to promote smart home systems abroad
Iran declares data of exports, imports via Astara port
Several mines produced by Armenia found in Azerbaijan’s Aghdam district - Trend TV reports
Azerbaijan releases 2M2021 data on transactions of local investment companies'
EU delegation's head talks interest in raising Azerbaijani regions' financial inclusion
Most of construction work in Baku during Jan. 2021 carried out by private companies
BlackRock builds 5% stake in Toshiba, becomes third largest shareholder
Iran discloses volume of rapeseed to be harvested
Azerbaijan, Iran negotiating to open customs post on border, in Khudaferin village
Uniper sees increase in generation capacity
EU invests in micro-entrepreneurship dev't in Azerbaijani districts
Azerbaijan gives update on number of COVID-19 vaccinated citizens
Turkmenistan to expand production of Balkanabat iodine plant
Azerbaijan expects creating new broadcasting opportunities for Internet TV, radio channels
Belarus excludes Azerbaijan from list of countries with heavy COVID-19 situation
Israeli identity validation co Identiq raises $47m
Kazakhstan boosts trade turnover with India despite COVID-19
Industrial oil inflow received at Turkmen field
Exxon and Macquarie in $11.7 billion U.S. lawsuit over gas contract
China boosts steel imports from Turkey
Georgia reports 133 new cases of coronavirus for March 4
Azerbaijan considers joint military exercises with Pakistan - President Aliyev
Azerbaijan wants peace and is promoting peace today - President Aliyev
President Aliyev: We hope Pakistan will join existing, emerging transport routes Azerbaijan
Pakistan one of handful of countries that does not have diplomatic relations with Armenia - Azerbaijani president
From first day of war, Pakistan shown solidarity, support for Azerbaijan - President Aliyev
EU eyes to foster clean energy transition and decarbonisation in Georgia
Kazakhstan records growth in volume of payment services
Azerbaijan leader in Caucasus on introduction of advanced IT technologies - UNCTAD
Belarus, Georgia aim to implement joint agro-project
All news