Kazakhstan approves action plan in case of import of Ebola virus
Baku, Azerbaijan, Nov.5
Kazakh sanitary services are ready to receive a patient with Ebola in the country, Kazakhstan approved a special regulation of actions for such case, the deputy director of the Scientific and Practical Center of sanitary-epidemiological expertise and monitoring Alim Aykimbaev said, RIA Novosti-Kazakhstan news agency reported.
"The country has adopted appropriate measures in a timely manner," he said Nov.5 at a press conference in Almaty. "In August a decree of the chief state sanitary doctor was issued, where clear rules of all actions in case of suspicious patient were approved. Our airports are fitted well enough, screening of patients with high temperature is carried out. But if the patient is in the incubation period, naturally, these measures won't help, so we need to be ready and we are ready with respect to the identification of such patient."
Since Kazakhstan has no direct air links with West Africa, delivery of a patient with Ebola is possible by transit, for example, through Europe, he said.
Resolution of the chief sanitary doctor determined laboratories that will conduct research on this virus. These are laboratories, which have the right to work with the agents of the first and the highest pathogenicity group, according to the expert.
The deputy director of the Scientific and Practical Center of sanitary-epidemiological expertise and monitoring said that in case of identification of a patient with Ebola, standard anti-epidemic measures that has existed in the country for many years will be conducted and which allow to prevent the epidemiological spread of infections, such as plague, powerful centers of which are located on the territory of Kazakhstan.
"This all has been worked out on the model of such a terrible infection (like the plague)," said the expert. "Patient is identified, then he is placed in a special infection hospital, all who contacted him are placed in isolation and are observed throughout the incubation period of three weeks. Persons with a high temperature are also brought under observation."
According to the latest Ebola Response Situation Report from WHO, a total of 9936 confirmed, probable, and suspected cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) have been reported in five affected countries (Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Spain, and the United States of America) and two previously affected countries (Nigeria and Senegal).
A total of 4,877 deaths have been reported, according to the report.
The outbreaks of EVD in Senegal and Nigeria were declared on 17 October and 19 October 2014, respectively. EVD transmission remains persistent and widespread in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.
All but one administrative district in Liberia and all administrative districts in Sierra Leone have now reported at least one confirmed or probable case of EVD since the outbreak began. Cases of EVD transmission remain lowest in Guinea, but case numbers are still very high in absolute terms.
Transmission remains intense in the capital cities of the three most affected countries. Case numbers continue to be under - reported, especially from the Liberian capital Monrovia.
On 22 October 2014, WHO convened the third Emergency Committee on Ebola under the International Health Regulations (2005).
Translated by EA
Edited by CN