Dark Spots in Iran-West Nuclear Talks: Iranian Experts

Azerbaijan, Baku, 9 August / Trend corr. D.Khatinoglu, T.Jafarov, E.Tariverdiyeva/ Request of Saeed Jalili, the head of Iranian delegation negotiating with the West on Iran's nuclear issue, for the West to eliminate certain doubts indicating persistence of dark spots in the negotiations between the sides.

"There are dark spots for both sides in the nuclear negotiations between Iran and the West," Iran's expert on nuclear affairs and international relations Ali Yari said to Trend .

On 7 August, IAEA Deputy Secretary General Olli Heinonen visited Tehran to discuss West's statements that Iran is carrying out military nuclear testing. According to Rеuters, Heinonen visited Iran to clarify the detected facts of Iran's endeavour to manufacture nuclear weapons.

Yari said IAEA has been negotiating with Iran on country's nuclear program since 2006 and until 2007 Iran had always clarify the accusations. However, as a result of the pressure from U.S., new accusations have been made for Iran and they have an absolutely political goal. "In August, 2006, IAEA negotiated with Iran on six issues. Centrifuges Р1 and Р2, radioactive ray source (at unknown research centre), plutonium testing, IAEA's control over Iran's nuclear objects and fulfilment of IAEA protocols, as well as the Erak-based plant producing heavy fluids were discussed many times and in June Iran's representative at IAEA stated that Iran had clarified all doubts quite well," Yari said in a telephone conversation from Tehran on 7 August.

Dr. Thomas R. Mattair, U.S. State Advisor on Iran and the author of Global Security Watch - Iran: A Reference Handbook, published by Praeger Security International in June 2008, said to Trend via e-mail, Iran insists on its legal right to enrichment and reprocessing under the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty. Iran suspended these activities during previous negotiations in 2004 and 2005 but is unwilling to do so again.

"It was that in a six week pre-negotiation phase Iran would "freeze" its uranium enrichment and reprocessing activities, for example not installing any new centrifuges, and that the P5+1 would "freeze" any efforts to secure new UN Security Council resolutions against Iran," he said.

"Iran has not accepted the "freeze for freeze" pre-negotiation proposal. Iran has now said it will provide a clear answer to the proposal if the P5+1 simultaneously and clearly explains the incentives it is offering," said Mattair.

Hossein Lajvardi, France-based Iranian political scientist believes that the problem is that both Iran and West have developed a set of proposals for each other regarding nuclear issues. West's response to Teheran's proposal is obscure for Iran.

"Iran expressed in its set of proposals the will to continue the uranium enrichment program and promised stability in Iraq, Afghanistan and Lebanon in exchange for being allowed to produce nuclear technologies," Lajvardi said.

"Iran wants to launch discussions after receiving West's response, which does not meet West's interest," Lajvardi said to Trend in a telephone conversation from Paris on 8 August.

Yari said that the West had not agreed with some points in Iran's set of proposals, and therefore Iran is trying to get the general moments in both proposals discussed.

Lajvardi believes the Six took a closer position against Iran's nuclear program. Iran has to respond to the West whether it will change its position on the nuclear program or not. "Finally, Iran will make compromise to the West," Lajvardi stated.

UN Security Council demands from Iran to suspend the uranium enrichment program. West, in particular the United States, doubts that Iran is not intending to produce nuclear weapons. UN SC has adopted four Resolutions against Iran so far.

The correspondent can be contacted at trend@trend.az

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