Iranian Parliament’s involvement in negotiations between West, Teheran may assist solution of nuclear program

Politics Materials 15 April 2009 13:36 (UTC +04:00)
Iranian Parliament’s involvement in negotiations between West, Teheran may assist solution of nuclear program

Azerbaijan, Baku, April 15 / Trend , D.Ibrahimova/

The involvement of the Iranian Parliament in the negotiations between the West and the country may be beneficial influence on the decision of the nuclear issue of Tehran, but not decisive result.

"The problem between the West and Iran can be solved only if Iran takes an additional protocol the NNPT (Non- Nuclear Proliferation Treaty), the signature of which is dependent on the parliament", German expert of Iranian origin for international affairs Mehran Barati told Trend .

On Monday Iranian Speaker of Parliament Ali Larijani said that Iranian Parliament would be "active in the negotiation process" between the West and Iran, the IRNA reported. So far, Iranian parliament did not partake in the negotiations between West and Iran.

Teheran's nuclear program is the stumbling block between West and Iran. Some European countries and the United States feel fear that Iran creates a nuclear weapon. However, Iran insists on program's peaceful character. The UN Council of Security imposed three economic sanctions upon the country over the last two years, without results.

Experts believe that parliament's involvement in the negotiations will have a positive affection on the development of relations between the two countries.

Barati said that the issues concerning Iran's nuclear program were in the arms of the Parliament and depends on additional protocol on non-nuclear proliferation treaty. 'If this document is signed, the IAEA can visit all nuclear objects in Iran for research," Barati told Trend over phone.

By the additional NNPT protocol, the IAEA inspectors may inspect nuclear objects in Iran, which signed it without any warning.

Iran was a country participant of the additional protocol. Later Iran left the protocol and explained                        its step as IAEA inspectors implemented spying work, Barati said. By withdrawing from NNPT protocol, Tehran had limited opportunities of this access.

The IAEA is working to prevent the transference of legal peaceful use of the program to military purposes.

The positive moment in Parliament's involvement in the process is that Parliament approves decisions made during the negotiation, Iranian export for international issues Davoud Hermidas Bavand told Trend .

Iranian Speaker personally held negotiations with West on the nuclear program. Speaker's experience may become a positive factor of Parliament's involvement in the negotiations, Barati believes.

However, Iranian Speaker considers that the Parliament's involvements in the negotiations between West and Iran carry Azerbaijan observation character. "Observation over the negotiations is one of the responsibilities of Parliament, and Larijani's statement was made on the basis of acting laws, the Iranian Parliament National Security and Foreign Policy Commission Deputy Head Ismail Kovsai told trend News over phone.

American experts have a doubt on positive results of Parliament's involvement in the negotiation process.

"I believe that it won't matter very much because Ali Khameini controls all the major decisions in Iran," American export for Middle East Robert Freedman wrote to Trend via e-mail. .

Ali Khamenei, who became the spiritual leader of Iran in 1989, controls all the main levers of state power, including courts, army, as well as media. He appoints the heads of judiciary, state radio and television.

Khamenei controls the Council of Guards out of 12 members. The Council has a right to impose veto on Parliament's decisions, Carnegie Endowment expert for Iran Karim Sadjadpour said.

The powers of the spiritual leader of Iran had been expanded after changing the constitution of Iran in 1989. According to paragraph 110 of the Iranian Constitution, the policy in Iran was given to the spiritual leader.

T.Jafarov contributed in the article.

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