BAKU, Azerbaijan, Sept. 22
By Elnur Baghishov – Trend:
The Iranian government wants to achieve a practical result in the nuclear talks, Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir Abdollahian said, Trend reports citing the ministry.
He made the remark during a meeting with the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell in New York within the 76th session of the UN General Assembly.
According to Abdollahian, the Iranian government is seriously scrutinizing all Vienna talks so far and will start discussions.
The minister added that Iran does not want to waste time on discussions and is in favor of taking practical steps by all parties.
“Iran believes that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) should lead to tangible results for Iran and, in fact, the US sanctions against Iran should be lifted. If all parties fulfill their obligations, Iran will suspend its mutual programs,” he said.
During the meeting, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell said that the nuclear deal is very important not only for Iran and the 4 + 1 group but also for the region and the world. The failure of the nuclear deal and the talks is not a good thing for either side.
Borrell noted that all parties must help achieve the result. The first step in this direction is to set a date for the Vienna talks.
The EU envoy called on all parties to take steps that are built on confidence.
As reported, in late 2020, the Iranian parliament has decided to implement a strategic plan to tackle the sanctions, citing the non-implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) signed between Iran and six countries and the imposition of sanctions on Iran. According to the decision of the Iranian parliament, as of February 23, Iran suspended the implementation of additional steps and an additional protocol provided for in the nuclear deal.
Iran's Fordow nuclear facility currently produces 17-20 grams of 20-percent enriched uranium per hour.
According to the decision of the Iranian parliament, 1,000 units of IR2M centrifuges must be installed. The operations have begun in this regard, and more than 320 units of IR2M centrifuges have been installed.
According to the statement made by the former Head of the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization Ali Akbar Salehi on May 24, Iran's nuclear activities continue, and Iran is currently enriching uranium to 60 percent, 20 percent and 5 percent.
"The volume of Iran's 60-percent enriched uranium is more than 2.5 kilograms. Also, the volume of 20-percent enriched uranium in Iran has reached 90 kilograms in about four months. Meanwhile, the volume of 5-percent enriched uranium is more than 5 tons," he said.
In January 2016, JCPOA was launched between Iran and the P5+1 group (US, Russia, China, UK, France, and Germany) in connection with Iran's nuclear program. In May 2018, the US announced its withdrawal from the deal and imposed sanctions on Iran in November of the same year.
To preserve the agreements reached as part of the JCPOA, the European signatories of the deal started in January 2019 that a financial mechanism for maintaining trade with Iran called INSTEX was formed.
On May 8, 2019, Iran announced that it had ceased fulfilling its commitments regarding the sale of over 300 kilograms of uranium, as stated in the deal, basing its decision on the other signatories that have not fulfilled their obligations. On July 7, Iran announced that it will not be fulfilling its commitments regarding the enrichment of uranium at 3.67 percent and the reconstruction of the Arak Heavy Water Reactor Facility as stated in the deal.
Iran announced that it will enrich uranium using next-generation centrifuges and will not mix it with the enriched uranium residues as part of the third step of reducing commitments in JCPOA on Sept.5.
On Nov. 5, 2019, Iran announced that it took the fourth step in connection with reducing its commitments to the nuclear agreement. So, uranium gas is being pumped to the centrifuges at the Fordow Fuel Enrichment Plant.
On Jan.2020, Iran took the last fifth step in reducing the number of its commitments within JCPOA.
The US imposed new sanctions on Iran in November 2018. Over the past period, the sanctions affected Iranian oil exports, more than 700 banks, companies, and individuals. The sanctions have resulted in the freezing of Iranian assets abroad.
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