Construction sector

The real estate market of the country became the first sphere of the country's economy, which incurred the impact of the financial crisis. Over the past five years, 2008 became most passive in the real estate market of Azerbaijan on all market multipliers. In 2008 the average number of apartment sale-purchase operations in the country exceeded 2,000 as compared to more than 4,000 in 2007. The activity of the real estate market in January 2009 reduced by 30% as compared to the same period of 2008, but increased by 13% compared to December 2008.

According to the data provided by the State Statistics Committee of Azerbaijan, in 2008 the amount of the construction works in Azerbaijan being carried out by the construction companies totaled AZN 3.5bln or 59.8% more as compared to 2007. The share of the public sector in the construction made up AZN 9.5mln, and private sector - AZN 2.6bln.

Of them, AZN 2733.4mln (76% of the gross volume) fell on the newly constructed buildings, AZN 509.5mln (14.2%) - capital repair, AZN 152.5mln (4.2%) - current repair, AZN 202.5mln (5.6%) - other works.

Dynamic of construction works being carried out by construction companies

Amount of construction works, in AZN mln

As compared to the same period of last year, %

2007

January

118,2

115,3

February

211,4

172,7

March

151,4

145,3

April

202,2

2,1

May

164,3

136,6

June

205,9

131,7

July

209,6

156,7

August

191,4

145,5

September

259,8

151,0

October

199,3

137,2

November

251,7

164,6

December

406,9

187,5

January-December

2572,1

166,5

2008

January

153,0

133,5

February

200,3

104,0

March

200,3

146,1

April

224,8

111,3

May

272,9

169,6

June

279,4

187,1

July

331,5

171,4

August

338,1

188,3

September 

344,4

180,5

October

370,9

2,1 раз

November

340,5

142,5

December

357,5

149,5

Source: State Statistics Committee

According to the data provided by the State Statistics Committee, in 2008 the volume of housing area given into use in Azerbaijan comprised 15,600 sq.m, an increase of 8.6% from the same period of the last year. In 2008 AZN 5.62bln was invested in the construction-assembly works, which is 56.7% more than last year.

During this period, more than AZN 9bln was invested in the construction sector of Azerbaijan, an increase of 34.3% from the same period of 2007. AZN 6.51bln was invested in the construction of the production facilities, an increase of 26.3%.

According to the data provided by the MBA Group consulting group, in 2008 the apartment sale-purchase operations reduced by 40.3%, and the average price fell by 4%. Last year the activity of the market in Baku fell by 8.8% and profitability by 3.3%.

In the first housing market, the average prices grew by 8.9%. If in the previous years the average area of apartment was 138-145 square meters, then the construction companies began either to reduce quadrature or to divide large apartments and sell them separately because of the problems with the realization of objects.

Changes in the real estate market of the country in last year affected the second housing market. If in 2003-2007 the change in the market favorably affected the second market, last year the influence was negative.

Summary table of price change in the second market in 2007-2008 in USD per sq.m. 

2007

2008

+/- in %

1-room

1686

1582

-6,6

2-room

1511

1474

-2,5

3-room

1606

1562

-2,8

4-room

1629

1511

-7,8

5-room

1408

1423

1,1

Last year, the period of capitalization of real estate in the market of renting of real estate facilities reduced by 9% to 14.6 years. As of beginning of 2008, the coefficient of profitability grew from 0.64 0.72, and the activity of market reduced from 0.35 to 0.12.

Summary table of change of quadrature of housing in 2008:

Apartments  

In 2007 (in sq.m)

2008 (in sq.m)

Change in %

1-room

36,9

37,4

-1,3

2-room

56,9

59,5

-4,4

3-room

72,1

85,2

-15,4

4-room

90,6

111,2

-18,5

5-room

101,7

140,9

-27,8

Last year 17.1% decrease was also observed for the average prices of private houses, but the prices fell due to the reduction in the area of houses.

Indicators

2008

2007

Change in %

Average prices (in USD)

189 819

229 064

-17,1

Housing area (in qs.m)

165

197,3

-16,4

Land plots (in one hundred sq.m)

4,7

6

-21,7

Number of rooms  

3,85

4,25

-9,4

Prices in USD (per sq.m)

1150

998

15,3

Source: MBA Group consulting company 

In December, due to the global financial crisis, the average prices for the building materials in Baku reduced by 15.4% as compared to November. The prices reduced by 34% as compared to the beginning of 2008, 33.8% to 2007. The price reduction took place mainly due to the price drop in imported building materials.

The prices of local building materials also reduced in December, and their share made in the market up 51.2%. 

In December the public organization Participants of Real Estate Market held monitoring over 82 types and 36 varieties of the construction materials. Reduction was observed on 51 and stability on 31. 

In 2008 the most expensive land plot was proposed in Nasimi district of Baku for $410,000 per one hundred sq.m and the cheapest for $350 in Surakhani district of the capital. During the year the price for the land plots grew by 4.3% to $22,290 per one hundred sq.m.

The prices in the land market of Baku have been growing since 2001, but their decrease began from the third quarter of 2008 under the effect of the global crisis. Prices fell as a result of deficit of land plots in the central zones of the city. However, the prices grew in the second and third zones of the city because of the large flow of population and correspondingly, increase in the demand.

Summary table of price change for the land plots in Baku:

Zone of city  

Price in USD per one hundred sq.m

Change of average prices in %

I

217,9

-11,7

II

130,08

-5,6

III

35,25

8,8

IV

5,52

17

The periods of exposition of the land plots last year grew by 57.1% to 253 days due to the financial crisis and reduction in the rates of construction in the country.

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