Iran’s rank falls in UN human development report

Business Materials 5 April 2017 13:56 (UTC +04:00)

Baku, Azerbaijan, Apr. 5

By Fatih Karimov – Trend:

The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has put Iran in the 69th place among 188 countries in its latest Human Development Report (HDR).

The country’s position has fallen by one place in 2015 compared to 2014, according to the UNDP's HDR 2016 report released recently.

Norway, Australia, Switzerland, Germany, Singapore and Denmark topped the ranking list of the countries, meanwhile Central African Republic, Niger, Chad, Burkina Faso, Burundi and Guinea placed at the bottom of the list.

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable and have a decent standard of living. The HDI is the geometric mean of normalized indices for each of the three dimensions.

The health dimension is assessed by life expectancy at birth, the education dimension is measured by mean of years of schooling for adults aged 25 years and more and expected years of schooling for children of school entering age.

The standard of living dimension is measured by gross national income per capita. The HDI uses the logarithm of income, to reflect the diminishing importance of income with increasing GNI.

The scores for the three HDI dimension indices are then aggregated into a composite index using geometric means. The report scores the countries with a value from 0 to 1.

The UNDP publishes annual HDI reports since 1990 under a specific name. "Human Development for Everyone" has been chosen for the 2016 report.

Iran's value in HDI for 2015 was 0.774, no change from 2014, meanwhile
the country's place has fallen down by one point, to 69.

According to the report, Iran's life expectancy at birth is 75.6 years, and gross national income per capita is $16,395.

Iran's value in HDI for 1990 was 0.572 The value increased to 0.666 and 0.745 by 2000 and 2010 respectively and stood at 0.769 and 0.770 in 2012 and 2013 and remains approximately in same level so far.

Alongside with Iran the report also puts Turkey with rank of 71, Azerbaijan with rank of 78 and Uzbekistan (105) among the countries with high human development, meanwhile Iraq (121), and Turkmenistan (111) and Pakistan (147) are in medium human development category.