The Iraqi National Museum is welcoming home 701 artifacts stolen during the looting after Saddam Hussein's ouster in 2003, AP reported.
Syrian authorities turned over items ranging from golden necklaces to clay pots that were seized by traffickers in the neighboring country.
The antiquities were displayed in a ceremony Sunday at the Baghdad museum.
Iraqi officials say Syria is the first country to hand over a large quantity of stolen antiquities. They hope others will follow its lead as Iraq struggles to restore its rich cultural heritage after five years of war.
Museums were pillaged of treasures in the chaos that followed the U.S.-led invasion.